The Act of 8 September 1998 governing the relationship between the State and organisations working in the social, family and therapeutic fields, stipulates in article 1:
"No one may, on a principal or accessory basis and in return for remuneration, undertake or carry out in a non-occasional manner any of the activities listed below, in the social, socio-educational, medico-social or therapeutic fields, unless he or she is in possession of a written authorisation, according to their respective competences, from either the Minister for Family Affairs and Integration, the Minister of Equality between Women and Men, the Minister of Education, Children and Youth or the Minister of Health."
All natural or legal persons who wish to offer day and/or night care services and accommodation to more than three people at the same time in the social, socio-educational or medico-social field or who wish to offer consultation, help, care, assistance, guidance, social training, animation or professional orientation services, must have a government authorisation to be able to exercise their activity.
This authorisation, known as "agrément", is granted by the Ministry for Family Affairs, Integration and the Greater Region if, and only if, the institution meets the quality requirements defined by the Grand Ducal regulation.
The authorisation is compulsory for both natural and legal persons, under private and public law.
Regular checks are carried out by the Ministry.